Das Gelände der Hannover Messe 2023
Apr. 22–26, 2024 – Hanover, Germany
VISCOM, Bild, DANA Quantencomputing, 200916
Bartek - stock.adobe.com

Hybrid Quantum Software Engineering

Programming and implementation of quantum software

The first industrially relevant applications of quantum computing will likely be hybrid applications. They combine classic software with the implementation of quantum circuits. At Hannover Messe 2024, Fraunhofer FOKUS will show how hybrid quantum software can be developed using a structured engineering approach. 

Visit us at the joint Fraunhofer stand in hall 2, booth B24, and find out more about programming and the use of quantum software.

Such quantum software engineering includes methodological approaches and process models for the creation of hybrid applications, quality criteria for their implementation, the development and use of appropriate tools and runtime environments, as well as the operation of the applications. The advantage of this approach is that the software developed is of higher quality and less prone to errors. To support the development of quantum software for industrial applications, Fraunhofer FOKUS has created a powerful and user-friendly tool for programming quantum systems. With the high-level programming language Qrisp, developers can provide efficient and scalable quantum algorithms. The high-level Qrisp code can be compiled down to the quantum circuit level and is, therefore, fully compatible with most of today's physical backends that use quantum circuits.

Using a simple “Hello World” program, visitors can gain an initial insight into a programming language for quantum computers. They learn about quantum effects such as superpositions and entanglement. Together with Fraunhofer IAF, we are also demonstrating a diamond-based qubit that can be optically controlled and read out. This is a promising approach for future system architectures of quantum computers, as diamonds can be operated at room temperature for spin-based quantum computing, resulting in more stable quantum states for more extensive quantum programs and reduced error rates.

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Metaverse Stockphoto
iStock/ Thinkhubstudio

6G NeXt powered by 1ClickMetaverse

3D real-time video transmission to VR glasses

Future services and applications, for example in the field of multimedia, will require a speed and reliability for their transmission that today's mobile networks cannot achieve. The 6G NeXt project is creating an infrastructure that enables a new processing speed for data transmission in mobile networks by distributing computing tasks. This scalable, modular infrastructure exceeds the performance of today's 5G networks in terms of intelligence, performance and efficiency. This is made possible by the use of cloud technologies. The computing capacities are allocated based on latency, energy consumption, and costs.

Visit us at the Hannover trade fair in hall 14, booth H06.

At the Hannover Messe, Fraunhofer FOKUS will be demonstrating the latest developments in the project with the help of 3D real-time video transmission on VR glasses. To enable such a transmission, complex calculations for creating photorealistic, volumetric representations of the participants in a video conference are outsourced to the edge cloud of a 6G network. The 1ClickMetaverse solutions from Fraunhofer FOKUS, which use dynamic split computing and headless rendering approaches, are used for this. They also require extremely low latency, stable transmission and high bit rates, which are made possible by 6G technology.

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5G Field Trial 970x485 
Paul Hahn/ Fraunhofer FOKUS

Modular 5G Nomadic Node  

Highly specialized campus network for precise positioning on construction sites

A mobile network for construction sites has special requirements, as construction sites only exist temporarily and sometimes change location. CampusOS offers a specialized, modular nomadic 5G campus network for this purpose. Correction values are transmitted to the machines via the network to support the precision in earthmoving and construction work. Live video streams are utilized for safety monitoring and to instruct personnel remotely. The 5G campus network also guarantees data sovereignty for the construction company carrying out the work.  

Visit us at the CampusOS Flagship booth in the 5G arena in hall 15, booth H13, and find out more about the Modular 5G Nomadic Node.

Program recommendations:

Panel discussion: Branchenspezifische Treiber von offenen 5G Campusnetzen
Moderation: Prof. Dr. Thomas Magedanz, Fraunhofer FOKUS
Monday, April 17, 2024: 2:25 to 2:55 pm
5G and Industrial Wireless & 5G Conference stage hall 14, booth H06

Panel discussion: 
Frequenzzuteilungsoptionen für Nomadische 5G Netze
Moderation: Prof. Dr. Thomas Magedanz
Monday, April 17, 2024: 5:30 to 6:00 pm
5G and Industrial Wireless & 5G Conference stage hall 14, booth H06

Earthmoving and infrastructure construction require precision. Construction equipment must operate with a centimeter or even millimeter accuracy. GNSS sensors, for positioning, support construction equipment operators. Correction values are transmitted to all machine control systems in real-time via a 5G campus network to improve the accuracy of the position calculation. At the same time, live data from the construction site is transmitted to management systems for documentation and billing. For that the neutral host approach is used. It is a new and cost-saving option of 5G technology that allows network infrastructure, such as an antenna, to be shared by companies and multiple network operators. The 5G campus network also guarantees data sovereignty for the construction company carrying out the work.

Live video streams from cameras are transmitted via the 5G campus network to check and control the positioning process and for safety monitoring. The flexible use of cameras also simplifies construction site management. For example, personnel can be instructed remotely during technical faults. The cameras can also be operated from a distance (zoom, rotate). Commercially available smartphones with a video transmission app can be used for this purpose. Another app allows site management or security personnel to select and forward individual or multiple video streams.

The 5G network is enabled by the modular 5G Nomadic Node from Fraunhofer FOKUS, the implementation of a blueprint for temporary, reliable, secure networks consisting of building blocks from the CampusOS technology catalog. The hardware and software of the 5G Nomadic Node from Fraunhofer FOKUS is integrated in a robust, transportable server case. The software-based core network Open5GCore ensures a flexible network tailored to the application - even with a satellite connection if required. The 5G Nomadic Node supports radio systems from several providers, including the Open RAN radio systems from CampusOS project partners Fraunhofer HHI and Node-H. TU Berlin is researching Open RAN-based optimization methods. Project partner Topcon Deutschland Positioning integrates the GNSS sensors and the connection to the construction machinery. The video transmission apps come from the company Smart Mobile Labs.

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Open Mobile Network Toolkit (OMNT)  

Operators of mobile networks, such as 5G campus networks, need to know at all times how good the current network is and whether performance varies at different locations within the desired network coverage, whether at an airport, on construction sites, or during a disaster response.

Fraunhofer FOKUS has added the Open Mobile Network Toolkit (OMNT) to its end-to-end test environment for this purpose. The open-source software collects measurement data about the mobile network, such as the exact position and signal quality. It evaluates the network's bandwidth, latency, and fluctuations in signal pulses (jitter).

The Open Mobile Network Toolkit is going to be presented along with the Modular 5G Nomadic Node at the CampusOS Flagship booth in the 5G arena in hall 15, booth H13.

The measurement data can be saved locally and/or sent to a server. You can visualize and further process the measurement results via a dashboard. OMNT can also be used to configure network-related carrier settings on the smartphone.

Fraunhofer FOKUS is presenting the Open Mobile Network Toolkit for the first time at the Hannover Messe. The database will consist of live measurements from the trade fair and various field trials in Brandenburg in 2023. During the summer of 2024, the CampusOS project will use OMNT during field tests on a construction site in Herne.

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ELITE-Projekt: Mobile, dynamische Demonstrator-Plattform zur Erlebbarmachung von IT-Sicherheit in realitätsnahen Arbeitsplatzumgebungen
Fraunhofer FOKUS

Experience location to raise awareness of dangers from cyberspace


The project ELITE 2.0 presents a demonstrator platform in the form of a mobile IT security experience environment that can be dynamically adapted to different application scenarios. The exhibit makes IT attacks and IT security measures tangible on-site. Interested parties can experience various attacks using the demonstrators (based on SME typical workstations with corresponding hardware and software)Typical SME scenarios from everyday working life will be presented using several demonstrators.

Visit us at our joint stand "Industrial Security Circus" in hall 16, booth A12/26.

The relevance of information security for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is often underestimated. Especially in light of the European Union's NIS2 and CER directives, which are due to be transposed into national law at the end of 2024, risks are not being recognized or are being misjudged. Starting October 2024, the NIS2 Directive will require EU member state legislators to legally implement mandatory security measures and reporting obligations for many companies and organizations in 18 critical sectors – including many that were not previously affected. In comparison to the previous NIS Directive, NIS2 expands the affected parties as well as the obligations and official supervision. The CER Directive (CER = Critical Entities Resilience) obliges member states to identify critical facilities and strengthen their physical resilience to threats such as natural hazards, terrorist attacks or sabotage. The human factor is now the most prominent gateway for attackers on companies (e.g. through social engineering or phishing).

ELITE 2.0 is funded by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection as part of the “IT Security in the Economy” initiative and is being carried out by the Fraunhofer Institutes FOKUS and IAO. The Cybersecurity Transfer Office is the central project of the initiative. The initiative relies on a large portfolio of associated partners for the broad dissemination of its project results. These include the DIHK, the BSKI, the BIGS, the BVMW, the Digital Agency Berlin and the Alliance for Security in Business, among many others.

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